MARIJUANA

How to Defoliate Ganja plants and Increase High Yields

In this blog, you will be able to learn what defoliation is, how to defoliate your ganja plants and what is the importance of carrying out this cultivation technique in marijuana. It is important, I will start by saying that this technique favors the appearance of denser buds full of resin. Sometimes, if not trained or pruned, marijuana plants can give rise to fluffier and lighter buds. The former occurs because the leaves of the plant cover part of the light that should reach the buds. So, performing a defoliation helps to improve the results of your harvest, do not be afraid to apply defoliation to your ganja plants, because in this guide you will find all the steps to use this technique like professional growers

Defoliation of Cannabis

First, we are going to tell you that defoliation is a cultivation technique that is based on removing the leaves of the plant, either during growth or once before flowering begins. Also, in other areas of agriculture this cultivation technique is used, for example in potato, tomato and cotton cultivation; and its practice in gardening is also common, especially in the art of bonsai. Now, if we talk about the cultivation of ganja plants, the effort to maximize production yields in small spaces or large farms, with a limited number of plants or gigantic plantations, makes applying defoliation to marijuana attractive for growers.

Despite this, we make it clear that defoliation is an aggressive technique, its use is not without controversy and has as many loyalists as detractors. For the same reason, in this article we are going to explain the process of applying defoliation and its objectives, as well as explaining the pros and cons of this technique in your cultivation of ganja plants. We emphasize that the main objective of defoliation of ganja plants is to direct the production of the plant to the formation of buds. So, growers accomplish this by removing the leaves from flowering marijuana so that the plant spends its energy on creating larger flowers, rather than on maintaining the leaves. For this reason, defoliating the weed plant changes the growth patterns of cannabis specimens.

 

Defoliation Tangie Marijuana

Taangie from Cultivar with Character line, created by Blimburn Seeds feat Nikki and Swami

As you can see in the photo, the defoliation technique was taken from these Taangie, a variety from the Cultivar with Character line by Blimburn Seeds and created together with the legendary breeders and cannabis activists, Nikki and Swami. This cannabis plant of the Taangie genetics, has been cultivated in hydroponics and the lower part of its branches were extracted by means of defoliation, to enhance the flowering process in the upper part of the plant and thus obtain buds with the shape of a fox tail. This shape happens because the increase in size occurs throughout, giving rise to such explosive and appetizing results.

 

Defoliation Tangie Marijuana Plants

Taangie from Cultivar with Character line, created by Blimburn Seeds feat Nikki and Swami

The upper tips of the plant go up full of flowers, and take up all the space in the mesh, since this Taangie was also trained with the SCROG system, which allows her to further maximize her performance. So, the proof that yields can be heavier when grown with a defoliation system is in sight, denser colas shaped like a fox and loaded with buds full of resin.

We can also point out that this method has certain similarities with other marijuana training techniques, among which the following stand out: Supercropping, Low Stress Training or Monster Cropping. At the end of the day, these are all ways to train your plant to improve its production results. Although they may seem risky, they are methods that if followed step by step there is no danger to your harvest. On the contrary, it would give very substantial increases in your production. However, if you are a beginner, it is best to get some experience with plants before using these techniques.

 

Defoliation to ganja plant in growing

First of all, we must be clear that the ganja plant must be strong and healthy before applying the defoliation, it is necessary that it measures between 25 and 35 in height, its central stem must be with a considerable width and hard and the lateral branches, They must have the necessary hardness to support the weight of the leaves. Here, you should cut only the largest leaves, leaving enough leaves for the plant to photosynthesize, so it can continue to consume the nutrients you give it and, in turn, develop.

When, starting in the vegetative phase with defoliations, we train the plant and prepare it for subsequent defoliations. This also helps us get rid of pests, since if there are no leaves there are no bugs; and in turn, with moisture problems, such as powdery mildew or mold. On the other hand, by eliminating excess foliage, we will maximize the energy of light, which will reach the lowest areas, and we will promote air circulation, that is, weed plants have better ventilation.

White Widow seeds

White Widow from Blimburn seeds with a defoliation in growing time and LST.

Now, you will notice that defoliation seems to slow down the growth of cannabis plants, this can cause a great imbalance in a plant that is in a vegetative state, for the same reason it is recommended to use products that help lower them. stress levels of the plants and also stimulants that protect the roots, there are a wide variety of these products on the market. It is important to take these tips into account because, if the nutrient levels in the soil are low and the plant does not have the necessary stimulants and protectors, defoliation will hit our plant hard and it will recover much more slowly.

At this point it is good to be patient, since we are interrupting the plant’s growth process and it will have to start again. A defoliated plant will always grow more slowly than one that follows its “natural” process. If we have done it right, in 1 or maximum 2 weeks we will have thick and strong foliage again.

Defoliation ganja plant in flowering

Gardeners do this type of defoliation at the beginning of the flora, when the plant begins to show the first pistils, and consists of extracting the large leaves and their excess, in order to allow the light to penetrate better. Then, after 1 or 2 weeks, you will see how the leaves are born again and after about 3 weeks, the plant can be completely bushy.

After this defoliation, and with the plant already recovered from stress, you can proceed to carry out a new defoliation, this technique will have the objective that the buds that are formed, and that are covered by large leaves, can receive as much light as possible, in order to help them unfold and thus obtain a more uniform and resinous buds.

When you apply this technique you must be careful with the buds so as not to damage them and also, it is good to tell you that auxin production is stimulated when the plant is defoliated. We emphasize that auxins are plant hormones responsible for flower growth and inducing their maturation in ganja plants. This causes that when the plant recovers, the buds grow quickly, with fat, heavy and compact structures.

Mamba Negra CBD Growing Indoor

Mamba Negra CBD from Blimburn Seeds with defoliation in flowering.

In the case of this Mamba Negra CBD, you can see how the gardener has removed the leaves of the plant to allow the buds that are in formation to develop more powerfully. An important point is that this strain, being mostly indica, develops a dense and compact structure, therefore a good defoliation does not hurt and helps a lot in flowering as well, with the necessary ventilation.

Defoliation in late flowering

After about 2 or 3 weeks of having defoliated the plants, you will notice how new leaves are born which allow the plant to breathe and photosynthesize. It is here when we must remove most of the largest leaves that were left on the plant, for the last time (they are usually the satellite leaves). This makes the plant concentrate its power on the production of buds and their maturation.

Green Crack Marijuana Plant

Green Crack is mostly sativa and from Blimburn seeds showing the power of defoliation.

If you want to make a new defoliation in late flowering when the buds are developed and you see that some leaves prevent it from receiving the necessary light for its growth. Also, a technique very used by breeders is that during flowering they lower the panels, in the case of LED lighting, both to the middle parts and the lower areas of the ganja plants, with this they ensure that the light reaches from best way and that the buds develop with all the necessary power.

Now, if you grow with sodium lighting, which generates a lot of heat, we recommend that you complement the lighting with LED lights in the lower part so that those buds can get the lighting they need without being at risk of burning or suffering light stress as could happen with sodium lighting. When the plant is already mature and with its buds swollen in THC, the leaves are usually short and emanate from the flower, standing out above the vegetative cover, unlike plants without defoliation, where the buds are usually covered by the green leaves.

Some disadvantages of defoliation

In this article we have seen the main advantages and why we should defoliate the ganja plants in the garden, however, there are also certain disadvantages when applying these techniques. For this reason, we are going to tell you about some disadvantages so that you are clear about what can happen to you if you apply this technique to your crop.

1- First, as we have already said, the leaves are the receptors of light and also the means by which plants photosynthesize, that is, they store energy and then distribute it throughout the plant for its food needs, including the production of buds. Therefore, if the ganja plant is not defoliated in a good way, it can suffer from problems for its development and therefore generate problems in the crop.

2- We emphasize that not all vines respond well to defoliation. Each strain reacts in a different way. The biggest risk of defoliation is that we don’t know how our plant will react until we see the results. Therefore, it is good to get advice and review which strain have a better performance against defoliation in the crop. For example here, we have recommended some strains of cannabis seeds that you can buy here in Blimburn seeds.

3- Despite the fact that stronger and more resistant leaves are born, apparently some experts say that the production of buds and their size, when the ganja plant goes through different defoliations, they look smaller and in less quantity, for the same reason the caliber of weed flowers can be diminished if defoliation is applied repeatedly to the plant. Also, we can add that the use of supplements such as diatoms that help the roots of the plant and obviously its entire structure and protect it from insects and pests, help you in a good way, also use food supplements as stimulants through irrigation foliar, can enhance the new leaves and supplements that help calm stress that can be applied by means of foliar and root irrigation.

Defoliation of autoflowering weed plant

For those who ask us if it is possible to defoliate autoflowering weed plants, it should be understood that this is an advanced technique that generates stress in plants and therefore can affect the production of autoflowering weed plants, reducing their yield. This is a general rule because, in some cases, the most expert gardeners successfully overcome these challenges. Some of the advantages of defoliating autoflowering weed plants is that you control the size, this in turn provides an extra sale which helps prevent the appearance of pests and fungi in weed plants in the garden.

Now you are ready to do the best defoliation to the cannabis plants in your garden, thanks to everything that we have told you in this guide. Remember to keep visiting the other posts on our blog where you will learn more about growing weed, the latest cannabis trends and much more.

Shopping Cart
Scroll to Top
DON´T GO!
save USD$5 on your first order
COUPON:
WELCOME5
On orders over USD$50